Slavoj Zizek & Peter Singer
From the time of Socrates, we have seen morality as distinctly human, driven by human desires and goals. But many now argue that this human focus for morality is misguided and leaves the natural world in peril. In valuing human well-being, we have ransacked the earth for resources, eradicated and exploited other species, and taken insufficient care of our home, the Earth. We are even planning to do the same to other nearby planets. It is not sufficient - they argue - for us to protect nature for our benefit, instead nature needs to be preserved for its own sake.
Do we need to re-think morality to find a new framework that no longer places humans at the centre? What should take their place: nature, sentient beings or something else? And, how are we to assess their well-being independently of our human perspective? Or is the notion that we can escape human goals and desires itself deluded, risking a return to an age where humans are sacrificed to the gods of the natural world?